Which Medicine “does not cure” Better?

Which medicine, “does not cure better“,

– a conventional medicine, prescribed by your doctor and purchased at a pharmacy, or

– an alternative medicine, purchased at a pharmacy or health food store, or

– a homeopathic medicine, purchased at an alternative health clinic or

– a placebo?

Does it make sense to ask “which does not cure better?”  No, it does not.  But this is often the question asked by today’s medical researchers.

Most of today’s clinical studies do not contain a definition of “cured”.  As a result, if the treatment cures, cured cannot be detected, much less documented. Most clinical studies measure “which medicine does not cure better”. Nonsense?  Yes.  But truth.

Are there any medicines that cure?  Are there any diseases that can be cured?

Well, yes.  Cured is possible for diseases caused by a parasite.  We can sometimes cure an infection caused by bacteria, with an antibiotic. Sometimes, we can cut of an infected limb or organ, creating a surgical cure.  But most diseases cannot be cured.

The World Health Organization top 10 causes of death, causing over 50% of all deaths worldwide: heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer, diabetes, dementia and Alzheimer’s, lower respiratory infections, diarrhoeal diseases, and tuberculosis, and road accidents. USA, the top causes of death are heart disease, cancers, chronic lower respiratory disease, accidents,  stroke, Alzheimer’s, diabetes, influenza and pneumonia, kidney disease, and suicide.  We should not expect any medicine to cure car accidents, stroke, or suicide.

The following list of diseases most important to cure: heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cancers, diabetes, dementia and Alzheimer’s, lower respiratory infections, diarrhoeal diseases, tuberculosis, influenza and pneumonia, and kidney disease.

Which can be cured by medicines? Only infections. We might cure respiratory infections, diarrhoeal diseases, and pneumonia with antibiotics.  The rest?

Incurable Diseases

Cured is not defined for heart disease, chronic respiratory pulmonary disease, cancers, diabetes, dementia and Alzheimer’s, influenza, kidney disease. All are considered incurable by today’s medical sciences. If one of these diseases is cured, by medicine, by non-medicine, or by accident, it is not possible to detect a cure, not possible to prove a cure, because cured is not defined.

Cure is not in many medical dictionaries.  Incurable is defined, in some medical dictionaries, using the word cure, which does not appear in the same dictionary.

Cured is not defined for the common cold. Cured is not defined for simple diseases like scurvy. Every chronic disease, from arthritis to obesity to varicose veins is incurable in today’s medical science. Cured is not defined for these diseases.

Cures don’t count.  Cures are not counted. There are no statistics for cures, for any disease. Cures exist, there are many books that describe cures, and document cures, but most do not dare to use the word “cure” because cured is not defined in medicine.

What’s a Medical Researcher  to do?

Today’s medical researchers design and test “treatments”, medicines that don’t cure.  Researchers debate which medicines “do not cure” better.  Of course no one argues that their medicine “does not cure better” than other medicines, they argue that it “works” better. Sometimes, they test “which medicine does not cure better than a placebo does not cure?“, demonstrating clearly that placebo effect is caused by ignorance.  

“works” in medicine means “does not cure”.

If a medical treatment cures, we might argue that it “cures” better than the other medicine.  When an antibiotic cures an infection, we seldom ask which might cure better. Sometimes, we should. But, when it doesn’t cure, we can debate, and design scientific studies to measure how well it “works”.

Do conventional medicines “work” when they don’t cure?  Do alternative medicines “work” when they don’t cure?  Do homeopathic medicines “work” when they don’t cure?

It’s  a nonsense debate.  It’s time to study cures.  Time to define cured for every disease. There exist people who have cured their diseases, who have cured their cancers, but they are ignored. We must begin to search for people who have been cured, and understand how they were cured, and learn to cure from that research.

But there is no interest.  Cure is not defined in prestigious medical reference tomes like  Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy (not manual of cures). Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine does not defined cure, and does not contain any principles of cures. Lange’s Current Medical Diagnosis and Treatment does not defined cure, and does not discuss current medical cures, only diagnosis and treatments. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–5), likewise, does not define cure, and thus, by lack of definition, all mental disorders are ‘incurable’.

So we study, and report, and argue about “Which medicine does not cure better?

Someday…. we will find our way through the nonsense…

to your health, tracy
Founder: Healthicine

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What is the cause of your disease?

Why don’t you know the cause of your disease? Do you have a disease? If you are of an adult, you probably have a disease. According to the Centers For Disease Control, “As of 2012, about half of all adults—117 million people—had one or more chronic health conditions. One in four adults had two or more chronic health conditions.Seven of the top 10 causes of death in 2014 were chronic diseases.” More than half of US citizens have, not just a disease, but a chronic disease. If you are older, you might have two, or three diseases. Do you have a disease? Or two? or more?

What is the cause of your disease? Why don’t you know? Think about it.  If you know the cause of your disease, you know the cure. The cure for any active disease is to address the cause cause.

Chronic diseases have chronic causes.  The cure for a chronic disease, is to address the cause.

If the cause is the cure, why don’t you know the cause of your disease? Because modern medicine gives up on, and ignores cures.  Cures prove what was the cause.  There is no better proof of cause, than a cure.

If you go to your doctor, about your chronic disease, you might be given a prescription for a ‘treatment’ for the signs and symptoms of your disease.  You will not be given a prescription for a cure. Why can’t medicine cure a chronic disease? When the cause is chronic, it can only be ‘treated’ by a medicine that is ‘chronic’.  But it can’t be cured.  As soon as the chronic medicine is stopped, the signs and symptoms of the disease re-appear. It was never cured. The only cure for a chronic disease is chronic healthiness.

Why don’t you know the cause of your disease? Because you can’t cure it.  Why can’t you cure the cause of your disease? Because you don’t know the cause.

Oh, maybe you know the ‘statistical cause’.  Statistical causes are great. Every disease has dozens of statistical causes. Cancer is caused by everything, prevented by everything, and cured by everything – or so it seems from reading the press. Arthritis, back pain, depression, obesity, even diabetes, Alzheimer’s and scurvy have lots of statistical causes.

But statistical causes don’t cure.  Statistical causes can’t cure. Statistical causes are often useful for preventatives, but not at all useful for cures.  Cures require identification and addressing specific causes for each case.  Every case of an illness is a specific case, a story, an anecdote.  Every cure is a specific case, a story an anecdote.  Statisticians don’t like anecdotes…

Only real causes cure. Why don’t you know the cause of your disease? Because if you knew the cause, and you addressed the cause – the only way to prove a cause – your disease would be cured.  You would not have a disease.

But maybe you have a disease. If you have a chronic disease, it’s because you don’t know the cause. If you want to find the cause, you need to cure your disease.  If you want to cure your disease, you need to find the cause.

Is it an infinite loop?  Is it a Catch-22?  No.  There is one exit from the loop. Find the cause of your disease, and cure it. We need to move from chronic disease, to chronic healthiness.

to your health, tracy
Founder: Healthicine

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Ignorance Causes Placebo Effect

What is the true cause of a placebo effects? Webster’s dictionary provides a not-cause, but no cause: “improvement in the condition of a patient that occurs in response to treatment but cannot be considered due to the specific treatment used“.

Oxford’s dictionary offers a similar definition, but suggests a cause “A beneficial effect produced by a placebo drug or treatment, which cannot be attributed to the properties of the placebo itself and must therefore be due to the patient’s belief in that treatment“.

Is Oxford’s dictionary right? Are the patient’s beliefs the ‘true cause’ of a placebo effect? Let’s look at the logic.  First, what is NOT the cause of a placebo effect?

Dictionaries agree, Webseter: “cannot be considered due to the specific treatment used“, Oxford: “cannot be attributed to the properties of the placebo itself“.

A placebo effect is NOT caused by a placebo. If the patient is given a placebo, and the patient experiences “a beneficial effect”, the effect was NOT caused by a placebo, it was caused by “something else”. If it is “placebo effect“, then, by definition, it was not caused by the treatment, not caused by the placebo. It was caused by “something else”. We need to remember this when someone says “It’s probably just placebo effect“.

It sounds a bit ridiculous, doesn’t it.  It is ridiculous. We know there was an improvement in the patient’s condition, but we are only talking about what DID NOT CAUSE the improvement, paying no attention to what DID CAUSE the improvement.

What then, is the actual cause of a placebo effect?  Both definitions give a clue in their certainty, or lack of certainty.

Webster’s: “cannot be considered” and Oxford’s: “cannot be attributed to” are exactly the same phrases.  We can translate these into a simple English statement:

A placebo effect is a positive effect that we believe was not caused by the treatment. 


They key to understanding placebo effect is to understand who “believes“. There are several situations where a placebo effect might be identified:

  1. A doctor prescribes a medicine that the doctor does not believe will have any beneficial effect on the illness, but believes it will have provide a benefit to the patient. A placebo effect.  Something else caused the benefit.
  2. A clinical study administers a pill that the researchers do not believe will have any beneficial effect on the illness. All subsequent benefits are considered to be “not caused by the placebo”, because they are “placebo effects”. Something else caused the benefit.
  3. A person or doctor claims a benefit from a treatment or medicine but the critic (a doctor, researcher, or other person) does not believe the treatment provided the positive effect. Something else caused the benefit.

If the doctor, or the researcher, or the critic DOES NOT BELIEVE, the improvement in the patient’s condition was caused by the treatment, something else caused the benefit. Why don’t we investigate ‘something else’?  Why do we simply label it ‘placebo effect’ instead?

Oxford claims that a placebo effect “must therefore be due to the patient’s belief in that treatment“. Can anyone prove an effect is “due to the patient’s belief in the treatment“?  No.  And nobody cares what the patient believes.

There is another problem with this hypothetical cause. If a treatment deliberately manipulates the patient’s belief in the treatment, then the positive effect WAS caused by the treatment, therefore – it’s not a placebo effect.

The truth about placebo effects?  The concept of a placebo effect is a paradox, self contradictory. It is not possible for a placebo to cause a placebo effect, by definition.  It is not possible for placebo effects to be “caused by the patient’s belief in the treatment“, because if so, it’ s not a placebo effect, it’s a real effect.

Why then is the phrase “placebo effect” so commonplace so popular? Why do placebo effects seem to be everywhere in medicine?

Placebo effects are an excuse.  And a lame one. An excuse to ignore the effect, to ignore the cause.  Deliberate ignoring. Deliberate ignorance. When someone claims that a positive effect was a placebo effect, they can excuse themselves from any responsibility to study, to understand, to find the true cause, and make effective use of the effect.

When placebo effects are identified and measured in clinical studies, they automatically moved to the “we don’t study these” column. Placebo effects don’t count. Effects that don’t count, are labelled ‘placebo effects’, so we don’t have to understand them.

Placebo Ignoring, Placebo Ignorance

Placebo effects are caused by intentional ignoring, by ignoring important benefits.

Placebo effects are a result of calculated, deliberate ignorance of real positive effects. If a research study enrolls 50 patients in a clinical study of a drug, and the drug provides an improvement to 15 patients, while “placebo effect” provides a benefit to 11 patients, the researchers take the 15 patients and their experience as “evidence”.  They deliberately discard information about the 11 patients who received “placebo benefits”. These 11 patients benefited from something, the researchers don’t know what provided the benefit.  And they don’t care. If 15 patients on the placebo experienced benefits, and only 11 on the drug experienced benefits – the study is a failure, the results are financially useless and they are thrown away, not published.

Can Placebo Effects Cure?

Maybe you haven’t noticed, placebo effects don’t cure. It seems obvious that placebos can’t cure, but remember – placebo effects are not caused by placebos.  Placebo effects are real positive effects, with real causes, where researchers deliberately ignore the cause.

What if a placebo cures?  Is it a placebo effect? Are there any research studies where a placebo actually CURED the patient?  Yes.  There are.  But, those are in the past, here’s one.  Today, placebos can no longer “cure” any disease, by lack of definition of cure.

Today’s clinical studies do not count cures. It’s hard to ignore a placebo, if the patient is cured.  The solution? Don’t count cures.  Most of today’s clinical studies – all clinical studies of diseases “not caused by a parasite” deliberately ignore cures, by omission, because cured is not defined.

Clinical studies of treatments for cancer, heart disease, arthritis, dementia, even obesity and depression do not contain a definition of “cured”.  Clinical studies for these, and many other diseases, cannot document a cure found, because CURED cannot be tested, because cured is not defined in the parameters of the study.

These clinical studies measure “benefits provided by the treatment” up to, but not including cures.  Cured is beyond the testing limits of most clinical research.

So placebos cannot cure. Most medicines can longer cure.  Cure, cures, curing, and cured are not defined in any authoritative medical reference text. Cure, cures, curing and cured are disappearing from medical theory and practice. 

When will we begin to understand placebo effects? When we study them.  Every so called “placebo effect” is a real effect, with a real cause. The cause might be the belief of the patient.  It might be something else. Once we understand the cause, it’s no longer a placebo effect, it’s a real effect, with a real cause.

When will we find cures?

When we have defined CURED for every disease, such that it can be tested independent of the treatment administered. Until then, we’ll search for medicines that don’t cure, and ignore benefits we can’t explain, calling them “placebo effects”.

to your health, tracy
Founder: Healthicine


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US/FDA Extends Approval Nonsense to Homeopathic Medicines

On November 15th, the US/FDA announced a new policy for homeopathic drugs. You can read the press release here if you like.  They US/FDA has announced that  for homeopathic medicines,”Efficacy and Safety Claims Are Held to Same Standard as Other OTC Drug Claims” Is this good news?

It might be good news, if the  efficacy and safety claim standards for other OTC drugs were useful.  It might be good news, if the standard efficacy and safety claim standards for other OTC drugs made sense.

Claims to NOT CURE – Approved

Let’s be clear.  Most drugs approved by the US/FDA claim (by omission) to NOT CURE any disease. Most medicines do not cure, and make no claim to cure any disease.  Most prescription medicines, most OTC medicines, and yes, most homeopathic medicines make no claim to cure any disease.

Maybe you’re thinking “That’s nonsense, it can’t be true!”.  Take this test. Walk over to your medicine cabinet.  Take out each of the drugs and check the labels for the word ‘cure’.  If the drug claimed to cure, the cure was approved by the US/FDA, and it appears on the label.  You didn’t find any cures?  Check your grandmother’s medicine cabinet, she has more drugs, maybe even lots of old empty and expired bottles.  Look for the word cure.  Hmmm…. Still can’t find any?  Maybe you did find one in 100 bottles. It is possible – antibiotics sometimes claim to cure. Head over to your local pharmacy, your local drug-store. Find the section for OTC, Over The Counter medicines.  Check the boxes for the word cure.  Good luck.

Homeopathic Drugs that Don’t Cure – Approved

While you’re there, head over to the homeopathic section, if there is one. If not, head over to the local health store, to search for homeopathic medicines. To save time, you can check a few websites, like Ten Common Homeopathic Medicines – search for the word ‘cure’. It’s not there. Or The National Center for Homeopathy.  Their website has a keyword search.  A search for the word ‘cure’ produces “We’re sorry, but no items matched your search. Please try searching for another term.

Homeopathy, in theory operates on the theory of “like cures like”.  But if you take time to read the theory, it suggests that a medicine that “causes” your symptoms, will “cure” your symptoms, not your disease.  Homeopathy has no useful theory of illness or disease (neither does modern medicine).  Both treat signs and symptoms with no cure goal.

Most medicines approved by the US/FDA treat signs and symptoms of disease. Most medicinal claims, make no claim to cure any disease.

Nonsense Leads to Nonsense

So, according to the US/FDA announcement, they will now extend their nonsense approval, of drugs and treatments that make no claim to cure – to include another group of drugs and treatments that make no claim to cure.

Maybe that’s OK?  Actually no.  Suppose you have a curable illness.  In theory, every illness can be cured.  What happens when you take a medicine for the signs and symptoms, that does not cure?

The medicine wears off, and you need more medicines. You take more medicines for the signs and symptoms, and the illness gets worse. You need a stronger medicine. You get side effects from the medicines, and need a new medicine for the new signs and symptoms of the illness caused by the medicine.  In simple English:

You have a chronic disease!

Once you have a chronic disease – in current medical theory, you have a disease that cannot be cured.  It can be treated with medicines that don’t cure.  You have become a subscriber.  Welcome to the  LTDWYD club: Learn to die with your disease. 


Until we begin to take cures seriously, nonsense will persist.  The US/FDA will make prestigious announcements of nonsense decisions.

If we want to learn about cures, we need to study cures. If we want cures, we need to approve cures, and give cures special status.  But there are two problems.

Cure, Cures, Curing, and Cured are not defined

Many medical dictionaries including  Webster’s New World Medical Dictionary, Third Edition, The Oxford Concise Medical Dictionary, Ninth Edition, 2015, The Bantam Medical Dictionary, Sixth Edition, 2009, Barron’s Dictionary of Medical Terms, Sixth Edition, 2013, and Medical Terminology for Dummies, Second Edition do not contain definitions for cure. Seriously? Can that be true? Medical reference texts, including: Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy, 11th Edition, Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine, Lange’s Current Medical Diagnosis and Treatment, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–5)  do not contain definitions for cure.

How can we hope to find cures, if cure is not defined?

Well.. there’s a problem.  The cure for most diseases is not a medicine. All of the diseases that can be cured, and proven to be cured by a recognized medical test, are caused by parasites.  They are cured when the parasites are addressed, or killed.

All diseases that are NOT caused by a parasite are incurable, by lack of a definition. They can’t be cured by approved medicines.  They can’t be cured by homeopathic medicines. They can’t be cured by any medicines, approved, unapproved, legal, illegal, natural or unnatural.

They can only be cured by health.

Officially, obesity can’t be cured.  There is no test for obesity cured.  It is not possible to cure obesity and prove it has been cured.  The cure for obesity is not a medicine. Obesity is cured with health.

What is the cure for scurvy? No medicine can cure scurvy. Scurvy is cured by a healthy diet.  Medical references offer ‘treatments’ for scurvy. They don’t use the word cure, because they recommend treatments that don’t cure. Officially, scurvy cannot be cured. Cured is not defined for scurvy.

Depression cannot be cured. It is not possible to cure depression, and prove that it has been cured.  The cure for depression is health, not a medicine.

Cancers cannot be cured.  It is not possible to prove that any cancer patient has been cured, and although many claim to have been cured, no-one counts ‘cancers cured’, because cured is not defined for cancer.  Note: Cure rate is statistical nonsense, supposedly measuring effects of treatments, with no evidence of cure other than “cure wait”.

We can make a list, a huge list of incurable diseases: hypertension, heart disease, dementia, MS, Alzheimer’s, Parkinsons, arthritis, Chron’s, Celiac disease, diabetes, and yes, even cancer. None of these diseases – and many more – cannot be cured, by definition, because cured is not defined.

So… Homeopathic medicines.  Welcome to the MTDC club, the club of “Medicines That Don’t Cure“. You’ll fit right in.  But take note, the entry fees are high. Maybe you can’t afford to compete?  It’s expensive to get approval for medicines that don’t cure.

“Every illness can be cured” – the Healthicine Creed

to your health, tracy
Founder: Heathicine

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What is the difference between Health and Illness?

Our medical systems do not study health and hardly study illness, preferring the concept of ‘disease’, which is controlled by the medical profession.  As a result, there are no useful definitions of health or illness to be found in medical reference texts. There is also no simple definition of disease. We can only say that “a disease is what a doctor diagnoses“.  It is sometimes said that “A patient visits a doctor with an illness, and goes home with a disease.


Healthicine, the arts and sciences of health and healthiness, provides clear useful definitions for health and healthiness:

Health is a general term covering all aspects of healthinesses.

Ill is a general term covering all aspects of illnesses. An illness is a specific instance of ill.  An illness consists of a cause (the drop in healthiness or increase in unhealthiness) and the negative consequences of that cause.

A healthiness is a specific instance of health. We can compare healthiness, not health, to illness.

This diagram illustrates the difference between healthiness and illness.Health is whole. An illness is a hole in health. A healthiness is a specific instance of health, a whole, consisting of healthinesses and unhealthinesses.

Illness appears when healthiness drops to the illness threshold. It is cured when healthiness rises again, above the illness threshold. However, when unhealthiness breaks through the illness threshold, it might fall much farther due to other consequences of the illness, as shown above.


To clearly understand these basic concepts of health and illness, we need first to clarify what we mean by ‘health’ in the study of healthicine. In English we often use the word ‘health’ to refer to illness, or medical care. Health Care is actually care for those who are ill, and would more accurately be called ‘Illness Care’.  Health Insurance insures against high cost of medical illness.  It pays for medical expenses in case of illness.Health insurance is actually ‘medical insurance’ or ‘illness insurance’.

We also need to recognize that health is a general concept, while an illness is a specific case in a specific patient. Health, or healthy, is the opposite of ill, or sickly, general statements, not specific cases.

Instead of asking, “What is the difference between health and illness?” we need to ask:

What is the difference between a healthiness and an illness? 


What about disease?  Should we, be asking about the differences between healthiness and disease? No. There are many important differences between illness and a disease..

A disease is a very specific illness defined such that it can be diagnosed by a medical professional.  An illness must be present before a disease can be diagnosed.  Some illnesses cannot be diagnosed as diseases. Some are diagnosed incorrectly, or over diagnosed or under diagnosed. Many illnesses are not diseases, some diseases are not illnesses. The ICD10, International Classification of Diseases, Version 10, is a list of about 16,000 disease names used for statistical tracking of diseases, medical conditions, and mortality. However, the goal of the ICD10 is to be inclusive of anything that might be diagnosed worldwide.  As a result, it distinguishes poorly between signs and symptoms, disabilities and handicaps, diseases and more. In some cases even specific tests billed as a disease. Diseases, the concept of a disease, is very poorly defined in modern medicine, because the goal is not to create a scientific classification, but to be inclusive of every conventional doctor around the world – although not every medical practice.

Is illness less well defined than disease in current medical practice.  A patient can have an illness that has no name. However, an illness must be present before it can be diagnosed as a disease. An illness might arrive and be cured by natural activities, or by the health of the patient, before it is diagnosed. Many, perhaps most cases of illness, like the common cold, influenza, and food poisoning, are never diagnosed.

To understand the differences between healthiness and illness, we need a clear, simple definition of illness.

In healthicine: an illness is a single, measurable instance of ‘ill’.  

A simple illness, an illness element, is defined as:

The intersection of a single cause, or causal chain, and the resulting negative signs and symptoms:

  • every illness has a cause. Every cause is part of a chain of causes identified by asking ‘What is the cause of this cause?‘ when a cause is identified, or by digging deeper with questions like “what causes of illness are caused by this cause“.  In order to better understand the illness, and to better search for cures, we might also ask the question: “How is the patient benefiting from this cause?
  • every illness is a negative judgement with negative signs and symptoms, resulting from the cause.

An illness is a concept, not a thing.  It exists as a concept, when we link a cause with negative consequences.  The cause, in itself, is not the illness.  It is possible to have the cause without illness being present.  The cause does not always cause an illness. It is also possible to have the signs and symptoms of a specific illness, without having that illness.  There is overlap between signs and symptoms of many different illnesses. A specific illness only exists when a specific cause leads to negative signs and symptoms.

A simple illness is an illness element. A complex illnesses consist of combinations of simple illness elements, with a single cause.  A compound illness has multiple causal chains, consists of multiple illness elements.

In healthicine: a healthiness is a single, measurable instance of health.

Health is not a single thing, any more than illness is a single thing. An indication of healthiness requires two measurements that form a percentage to create an indicator of healthiness or of unhealthiness. Health is whole.  A healthiness is a measurable instance of health. The corresponding unhealthiness is the inverse of the measurement of healthiness. When we measure a healthiness, or an unhealthiness, we can calculate the inverse, because by definition, healthiness and unhealthiness add up to 100 percent. When healthiness grows, unhealthiness shrinks.  When unhealthiness grows, healthiness shrinks. Together, they make up the wholeness of health.

A simple measurement, like blood pressure cannot be a measurement of healthiness in itself.  It can be a useful measurement if it includes another measurement – for example, a health goal.  If a person’s blood pressure exactly matches their health goal, their blood pressure healthiness is 100 percent.  In most cases, their blood pressure healthiness does not exactly match the goal.  For example, if the patient’s blood pressure healthiness is within 90 percent, higher or lower, than their goal, their blood pressure healthiness is 90 percent, and their blood pressure unhealthiness is 10 percent. Of course a single measure of blood pressure is a very weak measure of healthiness, because blood pressure varies widely throughout the day, and as a result of exercise and restful actives.

At present, there are no standards for measuring healthiness, no standards for measuring unhealthiness.  We can develop standards, and improve them, but today, there are none. Healthinesses are many, rich, varied, compound and and complex. 

Hierarchy of Healthiness

We can see a big picture view of healthiness in a hierarchy of healthicine which includes both components and processes.

At the foundation, healthiness begins with genetics, and nutrition.  Genetics is the template,  the master plan for how our individual health will become us.

Nutritional healthiness is the health of our diet, with regards to nutrients necessary and responsible for health. Many nutrients affect our health positively, and many affect it negatively.  Even nutrients that affect health positively, can also affect health negatively when they are deficient or when excessive.  In addition, a nutrient that is valuable for one person, or one life entity, might be dangerous to another.

Cells arise when genetic elements successfully cooperate, with the aid of nutrients, to create living cellular entities. Cellular healthiness is health of the cells, including healthy bacteria. Our bodies are made of hundreds of different types of cells. Many of them are not ‘ours’, not human cells.

Tissues, and tissue healthiness emerges when cells cooperate.  Healthy tissues require cells to act in competition – to create healthier cells, and in cooperation to create healthy tissues – muscle tissue, connective tissues, etc.

Organs and limbs emerge when tissues cooperate.  Healthy limbs and organs require cells to compete as individuals, and to cooperate as tissues. They also require tissues that compete and cooperate in health as individuals and as members of the community – the organ or limb. Heart and lungs, arms and legs, are made up of cooperating communities of tissues.

Organs, tissues and cells cooperate to function as systems to create healthy circulatory systems, respiratory systems, digestive systems and more. Limbs cooperate and coordinate to create healthy, complex patterns of movement.

Thus, in cooperation, genetics, nutrients, cells, tissues, organs and systems comprise healthy bodies.  But that’s not sufficient to understand healthiness. We also need to study intentions, or spirits. Cooperation drives to the next level.  But at every level, intentions are the life spirits of individual entities.

Every cell has intentions, to live, to grow, to reproduce, to evolve, to eat and excrete.  As long as it acts on those intentions, it is alive.  When it ceases to act on those intentions, or when those intentions cease to be, it is dead. Intentions are the spirits of life.  When a cell loses its life spirits, it is dead.

Every tissue also has intentions of life.  They are different intentions, at a higher level than the intentions of a cell.  However, we can see that the tissues also want to live, to grow, and to evolve.  Each individual tissue type has other intentions – which, from our egotistic perspective, we call functions, as they serve our body. Connective tissues intend to hold parts of the body together.  Bone tissues provide structure. Muscle tissues facilitate coordinated movements. Nervous tissues sense internal and external environments and communicate what is sensed to other tissues and cells. When a tissue loses its intention, its life spirits, it might go astray, and become a cancerous tissue, or simply die. In many life entities, the loss of some tissues is not a problem.  Plants, trees, and even some animals can shed tissues, limbs and other body parts, and continue to grow and thrive.

Nervous tissues work with bodily organs and limbs to coordinate and enhance function and to ensure coordination with the whole body. As the body rises in sophistication nervous tissues form into nervous systems, a system that senses and communicates information about sound, information about sight, and information about smell. As nervous tissues cooperate, they raise the complexity and create brain modules, nervous tissues that can filter information, remember past events, even calculate and predict future events. These tissues have intentions to encourage cooperation throughout the entire body.  Those intentions become our most important intentions, or spirits of life.

When these brain components begin to cooperate, a higher level life entity develops, one that gradually – as complexity rises, gains conscious sense of self, even conscious of the mind itself.

The mind emerges from the cooperation of nervous tissue bundles, of brain components and sensory components. However, the mind is an active cooperation and competition not of physical components, but a cooperation and competition of memories and processes. Ideas and memories in the mind develop into life intentions and spirits of the individual. The mind rises above the status of a simple organ or organ system, even above the physical body.

The intentions of the mind, the spirits of the mind, are the spirits of life in higher level animals. If the spirit wants to live, and pushes the body to live, sometimes to unbelievable, or seemingly impossible actions.  Sometimes, the spirits decide there is no point in pushing, the entity loses the life spirit, and dies. When the highest level spirits, or intentions of a life entity fade and die, all lower layers of spirits also die quickly.

The primary layers of healthiness are genetics, nutrients, cells, tissues, limbs and organs, bodily systems, body, mind, and spirits. Each layer interacts with every other layer in the symphony of every individual life entity.  Our cells interact with our organs.  Their spirits interact with the spirits of tissues, organs, and every other layer.  The interaction of two different layers of healthiness is a secondary aspect of the study of healthiness.

Health exists in every individual component, and in every process and every community. Communities in lower layers become individual components in higher layers competing with other components, cooperating to raise the bar to the next level.

 You can learn more about the primary and secondary disciplines of health here.

There is one more layer in the hierarchy of healthicine.

Community is the final layer of the hierarchy.  At every layer, as noted, the path to the next layer is through cooperation, through community.  Communities of genetics and nutrients give rise to living cells.  Communities of living cells give rise to tissues.  Communities of tissues create limbs and organs.  Communities of organs create organ systems and the body. Communities of process build the the mind, and the spirits.

Many animals also live in communities, families.  When we look closely, even simple living plants live in communities, competing and cooperating.  Humans take this farther.  We create communities for many purposes – and the healthiness of these communities affects and is affected by all of the members.  Our healthiness does not stop at our bodies, it is affected by, and has effects upon our communities.

If we want to measure health, or healthiness, completely – we need to measure the health of each layer. Which brings us back to the question.  What is the difference between healthiness and illness?

Healthiness is the opposite of unhealthiness. Unhealthiness is the opposite of healthiness.

What is illness?  An illness is a hole in health. An illness is the absence of specific aspects of healthiness. As stated, every illness is negative.  Every illness is a judgement.  Every illness has a cause, and negative consequences.  Because of the complex hierarchy of healthiness, an illness in a single area might have negative consequences in many different areas of healthiness.


Simple, or elementary illnesses have specific causes.  Scurvy is caused by a deficiency of Vitamin C (in theory), a single cause, a single causal chain.

There are three basic types of elementary illnesses and they can be represented in a circle:

 – causal illnesses elements have an active cause. The cure is to address the cause.

 – injury illnesses elements consist of damage to body, mind, spirit, or community. The cause is gone. The cause is in the past.  Injury illnesses are cured by healing.

 – blockage illnesses elements block the natural healthy flows of life. The cause is gone, in the past. Blockage illnesses are cured by transformation, which often causes damage that must be healed.

Most illnesses are cured by health, by healthy activities. Each illness element requires an individual cure. A single cure cures a single illness element.

A complex illness consists of two or more elements of a simple illness element, with a single cause.  For example, a case of scurvy might be so severe that it not only causes signs and symptoms of scurvy, but also causes injuries. A complex illness requires two cures.  A complex scurvy illness requires a causal cure – to address the cause of the illness, and a healing cure, to heal the damage done by the illness.

Compound illnesses – are the result of multiple causes, with similar or overlapping signs and symptoms, often interacting over long periods of time. Many common compound illnesses can also exist as simple illnesses.  Depression can be a simple illness, with a single cause – or a compound illness consisting of several depression illness elements, each with individual causes or causal chains.

Our medical (health care) systems focus time, energy and money on prevention of disease, treatment of disease and (occasionally) curing disease. In current medical theory, most diseases cannot be cured. Little attention is paid to healthiness. Health insurance will not pay for you to improve your healthiness – if you have no disease.  If you have no disease, you cannot go to a doctor or a hospital and expect treatment.

Improving your healthiness is personal, it’s up to you.


to your health, tracy
Founder: Healthicine

Note: This post was first published in 2011 on the site Personal Health Freedom. It has been updated several times as the study of healthicine progresses and provides new insights.

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